Monday, November 29, 2010

Just because he knocks....

 A former Director of Tanzania’s Wildlife Department
has commented that one hunter is worth 100 tourists to the local economy.

There are some interesting papers on hunting and wildlife conservation in the social science literature.

Here are a couple of papers - one very social science based looking at the US, and one more general looking at trophy hunting in Africa.

'Hunting and Environmentalism: Conflict or Misperceptions', Human Dimensions of Wildlife

This work examined some assumptions that underpin the conflict between hunters and anti-hunting movement. The moral contradictions of anti-hunting activism are positioned in the complex context of consumer culture, managed environmental protection, and industrial food production. The assumption that environmental groups are by definition opposed to hunting is investigated. Given that both hunters and environmental groups are interested in land conservation, and given the rapid habitat loss around the globe, the question is asked whether joint conservation efforts would prove beneficial not only to both groups' interests, but also to the fragile North American ecosystems and the species that reside in them. 

'Trophy Hunting as a Sustainable Use of Wildlife Resources in Southern and Eastern Africa', Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Preserving wildlife in a pristine state on a large scale is no longer feasible in view of continued human population increases, economic development, habitat fragmentationand degradation, the introduction of nonnative species, and commercialisation of wildlife products. The wise use of the planet’s remaining wildlife resources will depend on management practices which recognise that indigenous people are integral parts of ecosystems. Community-based conservation, which attempts to devolve responsibility for the sustainable use of wildlife resources to the local level, can include consumptive activities, such as trophy hunting, as well as nonconsumptive forms of tourism. The trophy hunting management systems of six countries of eastern and southern Africa are profiled and critiqued, demonstrating a number of essential conditions for obtaining optimal wildlife conservation and community benefits.

In the six countries in southern and eastern Africa which allow trophy hunting, management systems have fallen short in these areas to varying degrees, reducing potential conservation and community benefits.

No comments: